Sleep Apnea is one of the most important conditions identified in the last 50 years. Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA) is a treatable disorder that results in episodes of stopped breathing due to blockages in the airway during sleep.
Predisposing factors of OSA
- Excessive Weight, Neck Circumference, Narrowed Airway, Male, Age, Hypertension, Diabetes, Use of Alcohol, drugs, sedatives, genetics, anatomy.
Consequences of Untreated OSA
- Hypertension, Stroke, Heart Failure, Diabetes, Weight gain, Morning headaches, Irritability and depression, Daytime sleepiness, Impaired memory and concentration, impotence, traffic and work accidents, and reduced quality of living.
OSA & Cardiovascular Disease
- Up to 60% of patients with sleep apnea have hypertension
- Acute coronary syndrome, 40 to 50 % have OSA
- Heart Failure
- Sudden Cardiac death
OSA & Diabetes
40% of people with diabetes have OSA. Sleep deprivation increases blood glucose, insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes
- Being overweight interferes with insulin ability to propel sugars from digested foods across cell membrane, therefore, diabetes results when glucose builds up in the bloodstream and can’t be used in the body.
- Patients that stop breathing more than 10 times per hour or more are more likely to have impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes.